Hot Keywords
Dielectric elastomer actuators

Soft Sci 2021;1:[Accepted].10.20517/ss.2021.13@The Author(s) 2021
Accepted Manuscript
Open AccessResearch Article

Remarkable interfacial dielectric relaxation of physically cross-linked ice-hydrogelRemarkable interfacial dielectric relaxation of physically cross-linked ice-hydrogel

Correspondence Address: A/Prof. Zhibo Yan, Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, Nanjing University, 22 Hankou Road Goulou District, Nanjing 210093, China. E-mail:


© The Author(s) 2021. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, for any purpose, even commercially, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.


In the conventional scenario, it is believed that a hydrogel consists of polymer structural network filled with water droplets, a typical two-phase coexisting structure, while the polymer-water interfacial layer might not be a substantial component in determining the structure and functionality. Unfortunately, it is challenging to unveil the properties of the interfacial layer if any, owing to the multiple phase nature and structural complexity of hydrogel. In this work, the morphology and microstructures of the well-known non-covalent bonding dominant polyacrylonitrile (PAN)-based hydrogels are characterized, confirming that the as-prepared hydrogels do consist of polymer-network and filled water droplets. The dielectric relaxation behaviors in the ice-hydrogel state with different water/ice content are investigated in details by means of dielectric relaxation spectroscopy (DRS), in order to avoid the electrode polarization (EP) effect non-negligible in liquid-hydrogels particularly in the low-frequency range. The DRS data demonstrate the remarkable dielectric response contributed from the polymer-ice interfacial layer which likely accommodates a high density of polar molecules / dipoles. The temperature-dependent dielectric relaxation behaviors of the ice-hydrogels with different water contents are discussed, and the thermal-activation energy for the interfacial polar structure may be likely extracted from the dielectric loss peak data. It is found that this energy is roughly consistent with the typical bonding energy of non-covalent bonding dominant hydrogels. This study represents a substantial step towards understanding the interfacial coupling in hydrogels, an issue less touched so far.

Cite This Article

Li Y, Zhai W, Liu B, Li C, Lin L, Yan Z, Jiang X, Liu W, Liu J. Remarkable interfacial dielectric relaxation of physically cross-linked ice-hydrogel. Soft Sci 2021;1:[Accept].

Article Access Statistics

  • Viewed: 65
  • Downloaded: 14
  • Cited: Crossref0

Share This Article

See Updates

© 2016-2021 OAE Publishing Inc., except certain content provided by third parties